The rivers Kharki and Subarnarekha border the city on the west and the north part. The city is surrounded by the beautiful Dalma Hills. It was founded by Late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata and has become a major industrial area in the East India. The major companies located here are Tata Power, Tata Steel, Tata Technologies Limited, Tata Motors, Telcon, TCS, TCE, Telcon, BOC Gases, Lafarge, to name a few. It houses more than 1200 small to medium scale industries located in Adityapur, whichalso happens to be one of the biggest Industrial zones in India. Tata steel runs a major part of the city. Jamshedpur is also the only city in India which does not have a municipal corporation inspite of having a population of more than a million.
Jamshedpur has a population of more than 1.33 million, as per the 2011 census, and it comes out to be the third largest city after Kolkata and Patna in the Eastern India. A survey conducted in 2010 by the Govt of India declared Jamshedpur as the seventh cleanest city in India and a survey conducted in 2007 declared it as the seventh richest city in India. It is the only city in India as well as in the entire South East Asia to be selected as one of the cities in the Global Compact Cities Pilot Programme by the United Nations.
The Road to Jamshedpur began in Pittsburgh when in the beginning of the 19th century, Jamshedji Tata visited Pittsburgh and shared his vision with geologist Charles Page Perin of finding the perfect site to fulfill his dream of building India's first steel plant. The search began in April 1904 for a site which would be rich in limestone, iron, coal and water in what today is called as Madhya Pradesh. The people responsible for the task were Dorab Tata, Shapurji Saklatvala and C M Weld. After a tedious and time consuming effort of three years, the lady luck finally smiled on them. The place was a village known as Sakchi which is now part of the dense Tatanagar, located in dense forest stretches in the Chota Nagpur plateau.
After the search was over, then began the titanic task of building a steel plant along with the steel city. Jamshedji's vision was clear. Instead of building a few rows of worker's huts, he initiated a project of providing all the conveniences that a city could provide. The construction of the city as well as the plant began in 1908 and the first steel ingot rolled in Feb 1912. This was a historic day for the industrial India.
Jamshedji Tata shared his dream of his city with his son Dorabji in 1902. He had clearly stated that he wanted wide roads and shady trees should be planted which grow up quickly. He wanted ample of space for gardens, lawns and parks. Also large areas were set aside for hockey and football fields. He wanted existence of churches, temples and mosques in his city. By 1911 the manufacturing of iron had begun.
Although Jamshedpur is primarily known as an industrial city, it also has tourist attractions. It gets the benefit of the forest range and being near the hill which acts as the hub to the other destinations. Some of the main attractions for the tourists include the Jublee park that was gifted by the Tata Steel to the people of Jamshedpur on its golden jublee.The park was inaugurated by none other than the first Prime minister of India, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. The main attraction is the lighting display which is done on 3rd March which also happens to be the founders day. The city gets its main drinking water supply from Dimna Lake which is an artificial reservoir. The lake also facilitates water sports such as water scooting, jetskiing and rowing. The Dalma Hills are situated on the north side of river Subarnarenkha. They run from east towards west for about 16 kms. One has to travel by road to reach there and can find herds of wild elephants. The other major tourist attractions are trekking and mountain climbing.
Jubilee Nicco Amusement Park, Tata Steel Zoological Park, Centre for Excellence, Hudco Lake, Chandil Dam, Rivers Meet, Bhuvneswari temple, Sir Dorabji Tata Park are among a few other attractions. If one is interested in scenic beauty, then there is a small town to visit known as Ghatshila located about forty Km from Jamshedpur.
Jamshedpur is located towards the south end of Jharkhand and the states of West Bengal and Orissa act as its borders. The elevation of the city varies from 129 meters to 151 meters and on an average is 135 meters. Jamshedpur spams on a total geographical area of 149.23 square kms. The Dalma Hills surround Jamshedpur from west running towards east and the region is covered with dense forests. Jadugoda Musbani hill range and Ukram Hill are among the other small hill range in the nearby region. Jamshedpur also comprises of the larger Chota Nagpur Plateau region. The region was created by the metamorphic, sedimentary and igneous rocks which belong to the Dharwarian period.
Jamshedpur is bordered by Subarnarekha and Kharkai rivers o the west and the north part. The main river of Jamshedpur is the Subarnarekha River which flows from west towards south east part of the region. A lot of small rivers, mainly the tributaries, join come together into Subarnarekha river in the area. Kharkai River which flows from the south to join Subarnarekha joins at a place which is known as Domohanii. These two rivers act as the main source of supply for the groundwater and the drinking water for the city. Some lakes of different sizes can be found on the outer areas of the city. The biggest of them is the Dimna Lake situated between the Sitarampur reservoir situated near Kharkai River and the Dalma range. Both of these also form the reservoirs which provide drinking water for the city.
The city comes under deciduous forest type which covers about 33 percent of the land area. The city comes under the Seismic Zone II region.